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Title IV-E Agreements

Just Released:

A Survey and Analysis of Select Title IV-E Tribal-State Agreements including

Template of Promising Practices

This report provides a detailed analysis of Title IV-E tribal-state agreements, which includes an overall summary of the status of current Title IV-E agreements, as well as a breakdown of the provisions that can be found in those agreements by subject matter. This report was prepared during a 14 month period between October 2012 and December 2013. It took into account 98 agreements representing 267 Indian Nations from 16 states that pass federal Title IV-E allowable costs to the tribes.  During that period, some agreements expired and new agreements were developed. Other agreements were replaced by direct funding programs pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 679B. Thus, this report does not attempt to provide  definitive numbers of  current tribal-state agreements or their exact status.  Rather, its goal is to provide an overview of the substantive landscape of Title IV-E tribal-state agreements during a particular window of time.

Click here for full report.


The Role of the States in Helping to Implement the Tribal Provisions in the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008


P.L. 110-351 authorizes Indian tribes to submit a plan for approval to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to directly operate the Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Program. It also recognizes the right of tribes to continue or seek new agreements with states to operate the program. In either case, states have an important role to play in optimizing the ability of tribes to successfully operate this program.


Tribal-State Agreements

There are approximately 92 tribes in 14 states that have entered into agreements with a state to operate all or part of the Title IV-E program. Some agreements are very narrow – maintenance payments only – and others are quite broad and provide for full operation of the Title IV-E program by the tribe with the state paying for the match. Fostering Connections provides that any tribal-state agreement in effect on the date of enactment of the law remains in effect subject to the right of either party to revoke or modify the agreement and future tribal-state agreements are authorized.


There is a new requirement in the law that states are required to negotiate IV-E agreements with tribes in good faith, if requested. This may involve a new agreement or could be the renegotiation of an existing agreement. Although there are no guidelines issued as of yet, it is presumed that this requirement means that a state must engage in negotiations with the tribe over all aspects of the programs if the tribe so requests. One provision in the law whose intent is to help facilitate successful agreements is a provision that the state may utilize the tribe’s FMAP for payments made pursuant to a Title IV-E tribal-state agreement. This will often result in a higher level of federal reimbursement under a tribal-state agreement for foster care maintenance, adoption and guardianship payments than would have previously been the case.